Hemorrhoids can be defined as abnormal swelling of veins in the rectum and anus. The Hemorrhoids seems much like varicose veins you might see on a person's legs. Hemorrhoids are very common disease. Straining to move stool can often result as hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are mainly caused by much pressure in the rectum. It forces the blood to stretch and bulge the walls of the veins, and as a result hemorrhoids occur. The frequent causes of the hemorrhoids are constant sitting, straining with bowel movements, heavy lifting, Diarrhea, severe coughing and pregnancy. Hemorrhoids are divided into two types, internal and external hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids usually don’t hurt or itch. The patient cannot feel them because they pretty deep in the rectum. Bleeding can occur as a symptom to the internal hemorrhoids. Blood can be seen on the stool and toilet paper. In external hemorrhoid a clot can occur around anus. The symptoms of the external hemorrhoids are pain, burning, and itching. Both the hemorrhoids are very painful and should be treated immediately.

Treatment of hemorrhoids

It is very important to find the cause of hemorrhoids, before the treatment. Treatment of hemorrhoids is not very difficult but there are chances that hemorrhoids can again occur after the treatment. There are two goals of hemorrhoids treatment. First is to take away the symptoms such as burning, pain, itching and second to shrink the hemorrhoids. There are many treatments available to heal hemorrhoids. Band ligation therapy and hemorrhoids coagulation therapy are the most prevalent therapies to treat hemorrhoids. Both these therapies are very successful and you can use any of these therapies according to your doctor’s prescription. Avoid straining the anal muscles after the treatment 

Prevention of hemorrhoids

As it is said that prevention is better then cure. The best way to prevent this painful disease is to keep stools soft and let them pass easily. It will decrease the pressure and straining on the anal muscles. Everybody should try to empty bowels as soon as possible after the urge occurs. Fiber enriched food is recommended because it makes the stools soft. Some light exercises such as walking and swimming can decrease the chances of hemorrhoids.